In environmental monitoring, the integrated wind and storage power generation system mainly consists of wind turbines, solar power panels, sensors, controllers, energy storage modules and IoT modules. The wind turbine and solar panel provide the power for the system, the controller and storage module act as flexible control panels to limit the power generated by the system, and the sensors and IoT module are an important part of the environmental monitoring. Sensors generally consist of three components: a sensitive element (a component that directly senses a measurement and outputs a physical quantity that is measured in a defined relationship), a conversion element (the output of the sensitive element is used as an input and the input is converted into a circuit parameter) and a conversion circuit (the above circuit parameter is converted into an electrical output by connecting it to the conversion circuit).
The wind and light co-storage integrated system in the natural environment monitoring application mainly uses various sensors as the front-end power consumption load, such as multi-element louver box, wind speed sensor, wind direction sensor, soil temperature and moisture sensor, soil PH sensor, etc.; these front-end sensors to detect the relevant data of the area to be detected, and then by the IOT module to collect the data of these front-end sensors, and finally uploaded to the IOT platform cloud for analysis and display. Finally, the data is uploaded to the IoT platform cloud for analysis and display.
Sensors in atmospheric detection applications
The meteorological multi-element louvre box can integrate multiple elements such as temperature and humidity, light, atmospheric pressure, noise, PM2.5, C02, etc. The sensor uses the standard MODBUS-RTU communication protocol, RS485 signal output, and is widely used in applications requiring measurement of environmental temperature and humidity, noise, air quality, atmospheric pressure, etc.
The gas sensor is a sensor that can detect a wide range of toxic gases such as A, ammonia, carbon monoxide, hydrogen sulphide, methane, TVOC) and it is capable of converting the gas volume fraction into a corresponding electrical signal converter.
Sensors for geohazard detection applications
GNSS receivers mainly send and receive signal positioning data by means of positioning satellites such as Beidou to send the positioning signals collected by the receiver to the data server of the monitoring centre, record and archive the displacement data of the ground surface in real time and compare it with the previous data to achieve the effect of detecting the displacement of the ground surface by means of detection software.
The main function of the earth pressure meter is to detect changes in stress when the structure under test is deformed, the inductor plate of the earth pressure meter feels the changes in stress simultaneously, the inductor plate will be deformed and the deformation will be transferred to the vibrating chord to change the stress of the vibrating chord, thus changing the frequency of the vibrating chord. The electromagnetic coil excites the vibrating chord and measures its vibration frequency. The frequency signal is transmitted to the reading device via the cable and the compressive stress value of the structure under test can be measured.
Sensors in water testing applications
The tipping bucket rain gauge, wind speed sensor, wind direction sensor tipping bucket rain gauge is a telemetric rain gauge composed of inductor and signal recorder, mainly used to measure the amount of natural rainfall, while the amount of rainfall will be converted to switch the form of teaching word signal output, in order to fill the role of information transmission, processing, recording and display. The wind speed sensor mainly relies on the wind generated by the air flow to push the sensor rotation, in the pump to drive the internal induction components to generate pulse signals, in the wind speed measurement range, wind speed and pulse frequency into a certain linear relationship, wind direction sensor to wind direction arrow rotation detection, feel the outside wind information, and will be transmitted to the coaxial code plate, while output corresponding wind direction related values of a physical device.
Through the above into these various front-end sensors for data detection, and then in the Internet of Things platform for collection and analysis, and then will be some of the data signal for the corresponding external reasoning, and finally let the data shake Shu enough to display on the platform display end, our IoT cloud in addition to accepting data and processing data two major functions, more optimized is the remote control function; with the help of the IoT cloud platform cloud. The data with control commands can be sent remotely to the front-end module, which will input the commands into the front-end power-consuming load equipment, thus achieving the effect of remote control of the equipment. The data collection and transmission modules of the IoT front-end are designed with an industrial-grade concept, making the front-end modules able to withstand the effects of the harsh environment in the field. It is precisely because these sensors are usually installed in the field where the mains power is difficult to access that our integrated scenery storage system is required to provide a quality power source.
The overall system operation, through the front-end sensors to monitor the region's gas, weather, geological, water and other related data, through the Internet of Things front-end module to transmit data to the cloud, the cloud will receive the data processed and compared with the alarm data line, if the alarm line is exceeded, then immediately alarm indication, so as to prevent early.